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- Compact wood or timber of various trees, as the oak, cherry,maple, or mahogany make up Hardwood Flooring.
- SOLID WOOD
- ENGINEERED HARDWOOD
- Solid wood is milled from a real hardwood species, making it the sole material used in the making of the flooring.
- Engineered hardwood is actually produced with three or more layers of HDF, MDF, with a real hardwood vaneer bonded together under heat and pressure.
- Noted for adding overall structural strength to the building in which it is installed. The degree to which this is true depends upon the species.
- More suitable in high-moisture areas or in areas of frequent temperature changes than solid hardwood due to its “multiple-ply plank” manufacturing.
- Uniformity varies depending on grade. Some grades allow for multiple knots, for example.
- Engineered hardwood is designed for optimal uniformity.
- Dimensional stability
- Prone to expansion, warping, cupping, to a significant degree when exposed to temperature changes.
- Constructed to be more dimensionally stable through multi-ply design. This allows greater resistance to temperature changes.
- Resistance to moisture and heat
- Solid wood is unsuitable for applications at any location with increased moisture or high temperatures. These could be areas which are not environmentally controlled, damp areas such as below-grade installations and over radiant heat.
- Engineered hardwood is surely a suitable choice when solid wood is not applicable due to increased moisture or heat. It is more resistant to both if compared to solid wood.
- Resistance to climatic changes
- Solid wood generally expands and contracts a lot more than engineered wood during climatic changes, especially extremes in heat and cold and rainy season.
- Engineered hardwood does not warp or cup during climatic changes. It is more resistant to higher moisture levels than solid flooring. It is a better choice for installation over radiant heat
Here is some information about the different types of Hardwood.
South American Woods:
Jatoba:Jatoba hardwood is actually more commonly referred to as Brazilian Cherry. The term “Brazilian Cherry” makes it sound quite exotic. It is often called this due to the richness of its burgundy color. Jatoba comes from a canopy tree belonging to the Leguminosae family. These trees can reach anywhere from 80 to 150 feet in height and as large as six feet in diameter. Although this type of wood does come out of the rainforests of Brazil, it is also found in other areas such as Mexico and Peru
Massranduba: Belongs to the family of Sapotaceae and comes from South and Central America, The massaranduba tree is usually large, attaining heights of 30 to 50 meters, with diameters of 60 to 120 cm, sometimes reaching 1.8 m. Trees are usually swollen at the base, and boles are often straight and clear to about 18 m.
Sucupira:this South20 unique Sucupira hardwood-flooring product originates from the rain forest area of Brazil and surname. It is common for the Sucupira tree to reach to l 30 ft in height with trunk diameters of 2.5 to 3 11
TigerWood:Tigerwood may also refer to several different species of trees: Coula edulis, a tree species from tropical western Africa from Sierra Leone to Angola, Lovoa trichilioides, also African in origin, or Goncalo alves in South America (primarily Brazil).
North American Wood
Red Oak:The red oak is usually 20 to 30 metres tall, with a thick trunk sometimes more than 120 centimetres in diameter. Its leaves are dark green and are 10 to 20 centimetres long. The red oak can be found east of Lake Superior, and across central and southern Ontario. Oaks are well known for their darker texture and their grain pattern. Due to its heavy grain, oak might feel more textural
Maple: Most maples are trees growing to 10–45 m (33–148 ft) height. Maple wood is characterized for its white color and its tight and even grain. It does not have visible pores running through the wood, like some other types of wood, including oak. The lack of visible pores leaves a much smoother surface on all cuts
Maple and birch each have a whitish colour with light brown grain lines, and are smooth to the touch. Maple and birch flooring can help create a clean, modern look, or help brighten up a dark room.
Bamboo is technically considered a grass, not a wood, but has roughly the same hardness as oak. Bamboo is durable and considered an eco-friendly option when it comes to wood flooring. Bamboo flooring can range in colour from a natural light brown, to a deep cherry or mocha.
Pine, hemlock, and fir are different types of softwoods that come from evergreens. These woods are perfect for creating a country-like appearance, and may be more suitable in less formal rooms.
Ash is very similar to oak in appearance, but slightly whiter in colour. Extremely durable, Ash is used in the production of baseball bats, tool handles and other products, making it an ideal choice for heavily-used rooms.
Oak is brown in colour with dark grain lines, and available in two types: red oak or white oak. Red oak has a pinkish tinge, while white oak is browner. Both are perfect for creating a traditional-looking wood floor.
Walnut and cherry are both strong woods that make for attractive home flooring. Walnut is brown in colour, while cherry tends to be a lighter reddish brown. Walnut tends to lighten with age, while cherry deepens with time
Hardwood flooring is usually pre-finished with a polyurethane product to give it a rich shine and protective surface. The standard polyurethane finishes are semi-gloss or satin, or matte.
Semi Gloss or Satin
- Semi-gloss finishes provide a high shine, and satin finishes a medium shine.
- Both semi-gloss and satin provide a richer shine than matte finishes.
- Less shiny surface than semi-gloss or satin.
- Will not dull quickly.
- More practical for pets, children and higher foot traffic.
- To preserve the beauty of hardwood flooring over many years, use a pre-finished hardwood floor liquid cleaner.
- Consider installing a hygrometer to control home humidity. Relative humidity should be maintained between 35% and 65%.